MOSCOW — Two lonely figures stored vigil on a windswept bridge close to the Kremlin on a latest day, watching over bouquets of flowers honoring an opposition chief, Boris Y. Nemtsov, as they and their allies have across the clock virtually for the reason that day he was slain on the spot on Feb, 27, 2015.
Some passers-by provided a thumbs up or a fist bump. Some cursed the pair. However most easily walked previous, ignoring the little shrine to Russia’s a lot beleaguered pro-democracy motion.
“Welcome to the final 10 meters of freedom,” mentioned Mikhail Kirtser, one of many volunteers, of the protesters’ stretch of sidewalk.
The vigil over the positioning, hallowed floor for the Russian opposition, has grow to be emblematic of the extraordinary marginalization of a once-formidable pro-democracy motion that started within the late Soviet interval. Over the previous yr, most of its leaders have been arrested or driven into exile.
Dismal outcomes for the opposition in an election last weekend that was not free or truthful solely drove dwelling a temper of defeat. The election underscored the grim actuality that Russia’s pro-Western and pro-democratic opposition, a spotlight of American and different Western nations’ coverage towards Russia for years now, has no seen technique to regain relevance.
“Actually, you can’t name the general consequence a ‘victory,’” Aleksei A. Navalny, the foremost opposition determine, wrote from jail in a statement posted on his social media accounts. He blamed fraud for subverting a voting technique he mentioned would have labored in any other case.
“I received’t even write the standard, ‘Don’t be discouraged, don’t throw up your fingers,’” he wrote. “Be discouraged, a bit of bit.” Providing a glimmer of hope, he did say indications of what the outcomes might need been with out fraud have been encouraging.
The Central Election Fee reported — as ordinary after Russian elections — a landslide for events and politicians loyal to President Vladimir V. Putin. The vote in parliamentary elections cleared a seemingly simple path for Mr. Putin to hunt a fifth time period as president in 2024.
The professional-government occasion, United Russia, received simply in need of 50 p.c of the nationwide vote, and 198 out of 225 seats allotted in district-level elections. The Communist Celebration of Russia, which runs in elections as an opposition occasion however votes with United Russia as soon as in Parliament, got here in second place, with 19 p.c. Three different events, all seen as loyal to Mr. Putin, additionally received seats. No candidates in open opposition to Mr. Putin entered Parliament.
It didn’t assist that Google and Apple, underneath stress from the Kremlin, eliminated an app selling candidates Mr. Navalny had endorsed simply earlier than the vote. That transfer was seen by the opposition as yet one more disheartening abandonment, this time by Western massive tech corporations.
Quickly sufficient, infighting additionally broke out. Mr. Navalny blamed Aleksei A. Venediktov, the editor of the Echo of Moscow radio station — which is mostly an opposition-friendly outlet — of turning a blind eye to fraud in a web based voting system. Mr. Navalny called Mr. Venediktov, who had served as an election observer, a “midlevel lackey.”
With Russia’s pro-democracy teams now crushed, the middle of gravity of the Russian political opposition might shift in different, unappealing instructions, wrote Tatyana Stanovaya, a nonresident scholar on the Moscow Carnegie Heart. The Communist Celebration, for instance, has shifted towards open confrontation with the Kremlin with an ideology of Soviet revival extra excessive even than Mr. Putin’s.
The glum outcomes got here regardless of years of rising discontent over Mr. Putin’s rule, as measured by polling and focus group research. The so-called “Crimean Consensus” of broad backing for Mr. Putin throughout the early interval of the Ukraine struggle on nationalist grounds has light.
However the disillusionment is financial. Most avenue protests in Russia lately have been provincial labor actions that gained little nationwide discover, mentioned Yekaterina Schulmann, an affiliate fellow at Chatham Home, a pattern the Communist Celebration is nicely positioned to take advantage of.
In his assertion from jail, Mr. Navalny provided no particular imaginative and prescient for the way forward for the opposition, aside from to say it might be disagreeable. He referred to as it a “lengthy, onerous marathon.”
Out on the Bolshoi Kamenny Bridge on a latest day, the 2 protesters spoke bleakly of the election end result and its that means for the opposition, but in addition stored their distance from one another.
The vigil the place Mr. Nemtsov was murdered is Russia’s longest-running protest of latest instances. In a starkly picturesque scene, bouquets of roses, lilies and carnations line a sidewalk, in opposition to the backdrop of the Kremlin’s pink brick partitions and the sweet cane cupolas of St. Basil’s Cathedral on Purple Sq.. Muscovites carry flowers day by day.
A gunman shot Mr. Nemtsov, a former first deputy prime minister and opposition chief, as he walked over the bridge on Feb. 27, 2015, leaving his physique, accidentally or design, mendacity in sight of the Kremlin. Members of the opposition have taken to calling the span the Nemtsov Bridge.
After a number of makes an attempt to clear the flowers and arrest these conserving watch — almost all retired folks — the police have largely made their peace with the protesters. “We’re weak, and that’s what protects us,” mentioned Mr. Kirtser, the protester, who’s a physician. Any bigger protest, he mentioned, could be crushed.
“They assume, ‘What can these pensioners do?’” he mentioned. “However these individuals are on guard for our freedom.”
And but, even on the bridge vigil, the various fractures within the Russian opposition are on show. Two teams function on the web site. Solidarity, the unregistered political occasion Mr. Nemtsov helped discovered, needs to pay attention the restricted reserve of volunteers for vigils on weekends, when extra pedestrians move. A separate group organized on Fb that Mr. Kirtser is affiliated with advocates day by day protests.
The result’s a divided vigil. The Fb group, with about 12 members, sends volunteers on lengthy shifts across the clock on weekdays, from 11 p.m. on Sunday to 11 a.m. on Saturday. Solidarity, the unregistered occasion with about 18 volunteers, takes the weekends.
“After all, all people argued with all people else” about methods to set up the vigil, Mr. Kirtser mentioned.
As he spoke, he identified a person from the competing group. “Usually, I can’t stand him in any respect,” he mentioned. “However, nicely, when he’s out right here on the bridge he’s a hero for being right here and I respect him.”