George Ferencz, a director who was a fixture at theaters identified for experimental work like La MaMa E.T.C. in Manhattan, died on Sept. 14 in Brooklyn. He was 74.
His household mentioned the trigger was cardiac arrest.
Mr. Ferencz (pronounced FAIR-ents) directed items by unknowns in addition to identify writers like Sam Shepard, Amiri Baraka and Mac Wellman. One specialty was giving startling new interpretations to beforehand staged works, each basic and modern. One other was infusing productions with music in uncommon methods; he collaborated numerous instances with the jazz drummer Max Roach.
Mr. Ferencz first drew consideration within the New York theater world as a founder and co-artistic director of the Unattainable Ragtime Theater, referred to as I.R.T., which offered a variety of productions in small areas starting within the mid-Nineteen Seventies. His 1976 staging of “The Bushy Ape,” a 1922 Eugene O’Neill play, gave that work a visceral immediacy.
“The principle cause one attends off-off-Broadway exhibits is within the one likelihood in a thousand of discovering a manufacturing nearly as good because the Unattainable Ragtime Theater’s model of Eugene O’Neill’s ‘The Bushy Ape,’” Glenne Currie of United Press Worldwide wrote.
Mr. Ferencz scored one other success quickly after with a extra obscure O’Neill play, “Dynamo.”
“If lesser performs by nice playwrights are to be seen,” Mel Gussow wrote in a assessment in The New York Occasions, “then Mr. Ferencz’s productions might function fashions.”
Mr. Ferencz left the I.R.T. in 1977 however continued to direct Off Broadway and Off Off Broadway, together with a mini-festival of Shepard performs at Columbia College in 1979, shortly after Mr. Shepard had received the Pulitzer Prize for “Buried Little one.”
Two years later Mr. Ferencz mounted a full manufacturing of a kind of items beneath the title “Cowboy Mouth (in Live performance).” Right here he revisited “Cowboy Mouth,” which Mr. Shepard and Patti Smith had written and first carried out in 1971. Mr. Ferencz’s manufacturing, with Brooks McKay and Annette Kurek within the roles originated by Mr. Shepard and Ms. Smith, imagined their back-and-forth exchanges as a rock live performance.
“The end result,” Mr. Gussow wrote in The Occasions, “is a scorching, surrealistic 70 minutes that in its personal stark method comes nearer to the anarchic spirit of Shepard than some elaborate productions of extra full performs.”
Mr. Ferencz’s collaborations Mr. Baraka included directing his “Boy and Tarzan Seem in Clearing” on the Henry Avenue Settlement’s New Federal Theater in 1981.
The following yr Mr. Ferencz started an extended affiliation with Ellen Stewart and her influential experimental theater, La MaMa, in Decrease Manhattan, directing a portion of “Cash, a Jazz Opera,” composed by George Gruntz with a e-book by Mr. Baraka. He based La MaMa’s Experiments studying collection for experimental works in 1998 and ran it for 16 years.
Mr. Ferencz directed nicely past New York’s downtown scene, staging productions at Actors Theater of Louisville in Kentucky, the American Music Theater Competition in Philadelphia, San Diego Repertory Theater and quite a few different venues.
“I have a look at the theater as a hammer,” he instructed The Bangor Each day Information in 1979, when he was visitor director for a manufacturing of Donald Freed’s “Inquest” on the College of Maine, “aggressive and extremely theatrical, one thing you possibly can’t get by flicking on the tv change. It’s got to have spectacle and shock worth.”
George Michael Ferencz was born on Feb. 3, 1947, in a Hungarian Catholic neighborhood of Cleveland. His father, George John Ferencz, owned an auto-parts retailer, and his mom, Anne (Haydu) Ferencz, was a homemaker and a former magnificence queen.
He studied journalism on the College of Detroit however transferred to Kent State College in Ohio, the place he pursued theater, directing performs by Edward Albee, Arthur Kopit and others. He earned a bachelor’s diploma in 1970 and settled in New York quickly after.
In 1969 he married Pam Mitchell, who grew to become a founding father of I.R.T. together with him, Ted Story and Cynthia Crane. The couple divorced in 1978, and in 1986 he married Sally Lesser, a famous costume designer he had labored with for years; they collaborated on some 65 productions.
She survives him, as does their son, Jack.
Along with his La MaMa work, Mr. Ferencz was a favourite of Crystal Subject, the co-founder and creative director of Theater for the New Metropolis.
“He had the political and historic understanding that may be a necessity for socially related theater,” she mentioned in a press release. “He was a Brechtian director whose mission was not solely to interact you emotionally, but additionally to make you suppose and suppose laborious concerning the world wherein the story lives.”
Amongst Mr. Ferencz’s frequent collaborators was Mr. Roach, whom he met at a celebration at Mr. Baraka’s home; they joined forces in 1984 for a staging of three Shepard performs carried out in repertory, with Mr. Roach offering unique music. Amongst their later efforts was a jazz-infused model of “A Midsummer Evening’s Dream,” staged at San Diego Rep in 1987.
“George loves jazz and directs like that,” Mr. Roach, who died in 2007, instructed The San Francisco Examiner in 1987. “He sort of lets issues unfold the best way of us like Charlie Parker and Duke Ellington would do. He is aware of the place he desires to go, however he offers all people an opportunity to make a contribution.”