January 24, 2022

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The World Must Stop Oil and Fuel. Africa Has an Thought: Wealthy Nations First.

The World Needs to Quit Oil and Gas. Africa Has an Idea: Rich Countries First.

A swift transition is essential within the international struggle in opposition to local weather change. However not solely would that be notably expensive in poorer nations, many African international locations have an abundance of pure gasoline or different fossil fuels, and so they argue forcefully that the remainder of the world doesn’t have a proper to inform them to not use it.

Confirmed crude oil reserves on the African continent complete multiple hundred billion barrels spanning eleven countries, with Libya and Nigeria among the many 10 largest producers globally. The area is wealthy in gasoline, too: Mixed, Nigeria, Algeria and Mozambique maintain about 6 percent of the world’s natural gas reserves.

As world leaders meet at COP26 in Glasgow, Some African leaders and activists are, for the primary time, vocally opposing a speedier pivot to renewables for his or her international locations. As a substitute, they’re urgent for a slower transition, one that might embrace a continued reliance on fossil fuels — notably pure gasoline, which burns extra cleanly than coal or oil, however which nonetheless pumps planet-warming carbon dioxide into the ambiance.

Their calls come at an ungainly time.

This yr alone, scientists and researchers have issued quite a few stories exhibiting the harm that the widespread burning of fossil fuels has induced to the local weather over the many years. The scientific findings spotlight the urgency of switching to cleaner power if the world is to stop international temperatures from rising 1.5 levels Celsius from preindustrial occasions, a goal set by the Paris accord, the settlement amongst nations to sluggish local weather change.

Past that temperature threshold, scientists say, the danger of calamities like lethal warmth waves, water shortages and ecosystem collapse grows sharply.

However with a purpose to hit that focus on and avert the worst local weather catastrophes, analysts right here say, African nations ought to be supported financially by wealthier ones as they search different pathways to decreasing emissions. When the time comes, Mr. Gwemende stated, developed international locations must also switch technical data on renewables to Africa.

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