Franz Streitwieser, a German-born trumpeter who amassed a set of brass devices that encompassed centuries of music historical past and drew musicians from around the globe to its residence in a transformed barn in Pennsylvania, died on Nov. 8 in a hospice in Sebring, Fla. He was 82.
The trigger was Alzheimer’s illness, his son Bernhard mentioned.
Whereas a performer by occupation — on some of the extroverted of orchestral devices, no much less — Mr. Streitwieser had the soul of an archivist.
He took a Nineteenth-century yellow-and-white barn in bucolic Pennsylvania and transformed it right into a museum to accommodate one of many world’s largest collections of brass devices and to serve in addition to a live performance area. The Streitwieser Basis Trumpet Museum, in Pottstown, opened in 1980 and was residence to roughly 1,000 objects till 1995, when it discovered a brand new residence in Europe.
Mr. Streitwieser (pronounced STRITE-vee-zer) sought to raise the trumpet’s standing.
“When someone finds an outdated violin within the attic, they assume it’s a Stradivarius and it’s beneficial,” he advised The Philadelphia Inquirer in 1983. “However when someone finds an outdated brass instrument within the attic, they simply throw it out. We want to change that.”
Along with its commonplace brass fare, together with valved trumpets, French horns and trombones, the museum showcased a wide range of curiosities: over-the-shoulder trumpets used within the Civil Conflict, replicas of Bronze Age Viking trumpets, horns carved from elephant tusks. Guests would have encountered a life-size cardboard cutout of the composer John Philip Sousa and a 12-foot-long horn carved from pine wooden, made for Swiss shepherds.
Mr. Streitwieser located the museum in Pottstown as a result of he and his spouse, Katherine, had moved there to be nearer to her relations. She was a descendant of the DuPont household, of chemical firm renown, which helped assist the museum.
The museum stood on a 17-acre plot referred to as Fairway Farm (it additionally had a bed-and-breakfast), and it drew brass devotees from far and vast. The music historian Herbert Heyde, who later curated the Metropolitan Museum of Artwork’s instrument assortment, spent six months cataloging the Pottstown museum’s contents within the Nineties.
However Pottstown, which is about 40 miles from Philadelphia and nearer in tradition to the state’s rural middle, lacked robust funding for arts packages, and attendance on the museum lagged. After Ms. Streitwieser’s dying in 1993, Mr. Streitwieser couldn’t afford to maintain the museum going and was compelled to discover a new residence for his trove. Native universities expressed curiosity, however none had the area.
It was Austria to the rescue. Kremsegg Citadel, close to Linz, was establishing a government-funded musical instrument museum, and officers there knew of Mr. Streitwieser as a distinguished collector. They provided to soak up his holdings — and him as properly, as a guide. The gathering was packed up and sent off in 1995.
Franz Xaver Streitwieser was born on Sept. 16, 1939, in Laufen, Germany, a Bavarian city simply throughout the border from Austria. He was one among 5 kids of Simon and Cecilia (Auer) Streitwieser, who had been farmers.
As a boy, Franz visited a music retailer together with his mom at some point and felt drawn to a gleaming brass trumpet. However it was prohibitively costly, so the shopkeeper pointed him to a tarnished, more cost effective trumpet towards the again of the shop. He purchased it, and after a instructor of his gave him a can of polish, it gleamed. It was the primary of many devices in his life.
Franz quickly joined the city band and went on to Mozarteum College Salzburg in Austria, graduating in 1961 with a level in trumpet efficiency.
Whereas on the college he met Katherine Schutt, an oboe and piano scholar from Wilmington, Del. Their courtship performed out through the filming of “The Sound of Music” in and round Salzburg, and the couple grew to become extras in a number of scenes.
Mr. Streitwieser and Ms. Schutt married in 1963. They lived primarily in Freiburg, Germany, the place Mr. Streitwieser was principal trumpet of the Freiburg Philharmonic from 1965 to 1972. Touring to the USA frequently, he spent a 12 months in New York Metropolis finding out at Juilliard. The couple had 5 kids, one among whom, Heinrich, died in infancy.
Mr. Streitwieser started accumulating brass devices early on in Freiburg — his son Bernhard mentioned the household residence generally resembled a trumpet restore store.
In 1977, Mr. Streitwieser labored with the German instrument maker Hans Gillhaus in designing a contemporary model of the corno da caccia, a round horn well-liked within the 18th century; they referred to as it a clarinhorn.
The household moved to Pottstown in 1978. Mr. Streitwieser performed in native orchestras and in 1980 obtained a grasp’s diploma in music from the College of South Dakota. With Ralph T. Dudgeon, he wrote “The Flügelhorn” (2004), a historical past of that member of the trumpet household.
After the dying of his first spouse, Mr. Streitwieser married Katharine Vibrant in 1994 and shortly moved along with her to Austria within the firm of his brass assortment. The couple spent half the 12 months in an residence within the Thirteenth-century Kremsegg Citadel, at residence amongst their horns. The remainder of the time they lived in Florida, transferring for good to Lake Wales, within the central a part of the state, in 2004. Mr. Streitwieser based a brass quintet and continued to carry out in native festivals.
The Streitwieser assortment remained at Kremsegg till the musical instrument museum closed in 2018. A lot of its contents were moved to Linz Citadel and Museum or different museums in Higher Austria.
Along with his son Bernhard, Mr. Streitwieser is survived by his spouse; his sons Erik and Charles; his daughter, Christiane Bunn; his stepdaughter, Henrietta Trachsel; a sister, Anna Breitkreutz Neumann; and 13 grandchildren.
Dr. Dudgeon, who additionally performed music with Mr. Streitwieser and assist catalog the brass assortment, mentioned he first heard of him within the Nineteen Seventies. He had come to select up a purchase order from a Massachusetts music retailer and located that the store had only a few brass devices left.
He knew he needed to meet Mr. Streitwieser, he mentioned, when the shopkeeper advised him that “a Bavarian fellow got here in and acquired all of them.”