Their incapability to search out the reason for loss of life, they added, “is why the perform of sleep has itself been such a tricky nut to crack.”
Allan Rechtschaffen was born on Dec. 8, 1927, in Manhattan and moved to the Bronx when he was younger. His dad and mom had been Jewish immigrants from the Galicia province of what was then the Austro-Hungarian empire. His father, Philip, a tailor, was from Kalusz, now in Ukraine; his mom, Sylvia (Jaeger) Rechtshaffen, a homemaker, got here from Bolechow, additionally in Ukraine.
Early on, Allan was captivated with journalism, first at DeWitt Clinton Excessive College within the Bronx, the place he labored on its scholar newspaper, after which at Metropolis School of New York, the place he initially studied it. However he later switched to psychology, incomes three levels within the topic: bachelor’s and grasp’s from C.C.N.Y. in 1949 and 1951 and a Ph.D. from Northwestern College in 1956.
He went on to show psychology at Northwestern and was a analysis psychologist on the Veterans Administration (now the Division of Veterans Affairs) in Chicago earlier than being employed by the College of Chicago in 1957.
Professor Rechtschaffen started his sleep analysis in the identical laboratory area, in a decrepit constructing, that had been utilized by Dr. Kleitman, the discoverer of REM. (Dr. Kleitman’s solely recommendation to him was to “clear up within the morning.”) He later expanded the laboratory and carried out analysis there on people, rats, cats, alligators and turtles. Individuals for the Moral Therapy of Animals generally protested his experiments by calling his home in the midst of the night time, Ms. Rechtschaffen stated.
Sooner or later within the Nineteen Sixties he had a dream by which somebody he knew regarded totally different to him than that particular person did throughout his wakeful state. It prompted him to launch a research to see if dream photos are decided by stimulating the retina. Three volunteers had been introduced into his lab, the place their pupils had been dilated and their eyes taped open.
When the topics had been asleep — and being monitored by electroencephalograms and eye motion recordings — Professor Rechtschaffen sneaked into the room and put numerous photos earlier than their taped-open eyes. Once they awoke, they recounted their desires however didn’t report seeing any of the displayed photos in them.