January 24, 2022

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Is Gruyère Nonetheless Gruyère if It Doesn’t Come From Gruyères?

Is Gruyère Still Gruyère if It Doesn’t Come From Gruyères?

On Tuesday, Jaime Castaneda, the chief director of the Consortium for Frequent Meals Names and the chief vp of technique for the Nationwide Milk Producers Federation, stated he was “ecstatic” in regards to the court docket ruling.

“For us this choice isn’t just about gruyère,” he stated. “This goes to the larger battle that we now have with Europe wherein they’re making an attempt to confiscate all these names,” he stated, including that the European Union adopts guidelines that profit its personal producers on the expense of producers elsewhere.

In Europe, international locations are staunchly protecting over their culinary heritage. The European Union says it goals to guard the names of particular merchandise to advertise the distinctive traits which can be linked to their geographical origin. Amongst cheeses, Roquefort have to be from Roquefort-sur-Soulzon, France; Parmesan should come from the Italian areas around the cities of Parma and Reggio; and feta must be from certain regions of Greece.

However the identical guidelines don’t apply in the USA, the place cheeses labeled feta, Munster or Parmesan will be produced anyplace. (Roquefort, nevertheless, have to be produced in France.) And the European Union can’t forestall European international locations apart from Switzerland and France from promoting cheese referred to as gruyère in the USA. Actually, from 2010 to 2020, the USA imported extra cheese referred to as gruyère from the Netherlands and Germany than from Switzerland and France, in line with information from the U.S. Division of Agriculture. For a minimum of 30 years, American cheese producers have utilized the label “gruyère” to cheese from international locations together with Denmark, Egypt and Tunisia.

A spokesman for Switzerland’s agriculture division, Jonathan Fisch, stated in an announcement that the Swiss authorities was dissatisfied by the court docket ruling. “Utilizing the time period ‘gruyère’ for a cheese produced in the USA threatens the status of the unique product and its place within the international market and might solely hurt the complete sector,” he stated.

Margo A. Bagley, a professor at Emory College Faculty of Regulation who focuses on patent legislation and mental property, stated she agreed with the court docket’s choice.

“If we wish to have a vibrant, aggressive market, different producers want to have the ability to promote merchandise by the frequent title that buyers acknowledge,” she stated.

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