Luc Montagnier, the French virologist credited as a co-discoverer of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), has died elderly 89.
Montagnier turned into jointly provided the 2008 Nobel Prize for his paintings in isolating the virus that reasons Aids.
He was lauded for this work, but later criticised for unscientific claims about autism and Covid-19.
Local news web page FranceSoir reported he died on Tuesday in Neuilly-sur-Seine “surrounded with the aid of his youngsters”.
The virologist first started working on the virus inside the early Eighties even as at France’s Pasteur Institute, a non-earnings research basis.
Montagnier and his team – which includes Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, who would later win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with him – tested tissue samples from patients with the mysterious new syndrome.
They managed to isolate HIV within the lymph node of an Aids affected person and posted news of the invention in the journal Science in 1983.
In the equal version, US scientist Robert Gallo posted comparable findings, and later concluded that the virus brought on Aids.
The dispute over who first identified HIV precipitated years of heated debate.
Gallo admitted in 1991 that the virus he discovered got here from the Pasteur Institute the yr earlier than, and the two guys publicly agreed in 2002 that Montagnier’s group discovered HIV, but that Gallo first showed its position in inflicting Aids.
However, while Montagnier and Barré-Sinoussi were presented the Nobel Prize in 2008 for their paintings – alongside Harald zur Hausen for his paintings on cervical cancer – the committee controversially did now not mention Robert Gallo.
Montagnier later generated massive grievance for a chain of unscientific claims, such as over the causes of autism and later over the origins of Covid-19.
Born in 1932 inside the valuable French metropolis of Chabris, Montagnier began running at Paris’s Faculty of Sciences in 1955.
He moved to the Pasteur Institute in 1972, and after his work on HIV led the foundation before moving to Queens College, City University of New York in 1997.
French media first pronounced that he had died on the American clinic in Neuilly-sur-Seine on 8 February. Local government later formally confirmed his demise.