On Feb. 16, a Roskomnadzor official mentioned firms that didn’t comply by the tip of the month would face penalties. Along with fines and doable shutdowns or slowdowns, the penalties might disrupt advert gross sales, search engine operations, knowledge assortment and funds, in accordance with the regulation.
“For these firms that haven’t began the process for ‘touchdown’ we’ll think about the problem of making use of measures earlier than the tip of this month,” Vadim Subbotin, deputy head of Roskomnadzor, informed the Russian Parliament, in accordance with Russian media.
Human-rights and free-speech teams mentioned they had been disillusioned that a number of the tech firms, usually seen inside Russia as much less beholden to the federal government, had been complying with the regulation with out public protest.
“The ulterior motive behind the adoption of the touchdown regulation is to create authorized grounds for intensive on-line censorship by silencing remaining opposition voices and threatening freedom of expression on-line,” mentioned Joanna Szymanska, an knowledgeable on Russian web censorship efforts at Article 19, a civil society group based mostly in London.
Mr. Chikov, who has represented firms together with Telegram in instances in opposition to the Russian authorities, mentioned he met with Fb final yr to debate its Russia insurance policies. Fb executives sought recommendation on whether or not to drag out of Russia, he mentioned, together with reducing off entry to Fb and Instagram. The corporate complied with the legal guidelines as a substitute.
Mr. Chikov urged the tech firms to talk out in opposition to the Russian calls for, even when it ends in a ban, to set a wider precedent about preventing censorship.
“There have been occasions when the massive tech firms have been leaders by way of not solely expertise but additionally in civil liberties and freedom of expression and privateness,” he mentioned. “Now they behave extra like huge transnational firms securing their enterprise pursuits.”
Anton Troianovski and Oleg Matsnev contributed reporting.