Why Did Elon Musk Buy Twitter Stake?

Why Did Elon Musk Purchase Twitter Stake?

Shares of Twitter soared 25 p.c in premarket buying and selling on information that Elon Musk had personally purchased a 9.2 p.c stake within the social media firm, making him its largest shareholder. The stake, revealed in a regulatory filing, was amassed earlier than Musk criticized Twitter in — sure — a collection of tweets, questioning the corporate’s dedication to “free speech” and wondering whether or not a brand new social media platform was wanted. With extra sway over the corporate, will he attempt to reinvent Twitter to be extra to his liking?

Musk’s relationship with Twitter is lengthy and complex, involving most notably his legal wranglings with the S.E.C. over his tweets about Tesla’s funds. Will Musk now agitate for Twitter to change its coverage on moderating content material within the identify of freer speech? What’s Elon Musk doing now?Will he push for Twitter to open up its algorithm, which the corporate’s co-founder and former C.E.O. Jack Dorsey appeared to support final week? (Musk and Dorsey are friendly.)

We now have many extra questions:

  • Musk constructed the stake via passive investments — will he maintain shopping for and even attempt to purchase the corporate outright? (It will put a comparatively small dent in his $270 billion-plus net worth.)

  • Will Musk ask to affix Twitter’s board? Will Twitter invite him to affix?

  • What do Tesla and SpaceX shareholders consider this? Will they see it as a distraction for Musk? And if Musk steers Twitter in a course that irks policymakers, who’ve been attempting to rein in social media platforms, may that create issues for Tesla or SpaceX? Recall that President Trump took a dim view of Amazon as a result of he disagreed with coverage in The Washington Post, which Jeff Bezos owned individually.

  • Given Musk’s historical past with PayPal and curiosity in cryptocurrency, may he push Twitter to do extra in funds?

  • How a lot cash did Musk make off this morning’s information? Musk’s disclosure got here out immediately, however the doc detailing the stake, price about $3 billion at Friday’s closing value, is dated March 14. Twitter’s shares are up about 50 p.c since then.

A choose strikes down a California regulation on board range. The law, which went into impact in 2020, requires California-based public firms to have board members from underrepresented communities. The regulation put pressure on boards nationwide to diversify, and a few attorneys mentioned the ruling was unlikely to reverse these efforts.

The labor motion notches a historic win at an Amazon warehouse. Supporters of a grass-roots unionization effort topped opponents on the Staten Island facility by more than 10 percentage points.

SoftBank winds down its embattled hedge fund. After racking up estimated losses of greater than $6 billion, the Japanese tech large decided to liquidate virtually the entire fund, which grew to become generally known as the “Nasdaq Whale” for its voracious tech trades.

China proposes modifications to confidentiality guidelines on offshore inventory listings. The transfer alerts that China is eager to resolve a dispute over American regulators’ means to audit Chinese language firms, which may have led to lots of of Chinese language companies delisting from U.S. markets.

A fast roundup of world election information: Voters in Hungary and Serbia seem to have prolonged the tenures of Europe’s two most Putin-friendly leaders; preliminary outcomes for Costa Rica’s presidential election put Rodrigo Chaves, who was reprimanded for sexual harassment whereas on the World Financial institution, within the lead; and Carrie Lam, Hong Kong’s chief since 2017, mentioned that she would not seek a second term.

This morning, JPMorgan Chase printed Jamie Dimon’s annual letter to shareholders, which is broadly learn on Wall Road and past. Dimon, the pinnacle of America’s largest financial institution, centered on the impact that the warfare in Ukraine may have on the worldwide financial system, and on JPMorgan particularly, amongst different points that current “challenges at each flip.”

Lananh Nguyen, who covers Wall Road for The Occasions, highlights a number of the most noteworthy components of Dimon’s 44-page letter for DealBook:

On the warfare in Ukraine: The battle is already having a “substantial financial influence,” Dimon wrote, and it may worsen in unpredictable methods, notably if extra sanctions are imposed on Russia and commodity provides are additional disrupted.

On JPMorgan’s publicity to Russia: Dimon mentioned the financial institution may lose $1 billion “over time,” but it surely’s not one thing he’s anxious about. He described complying with sanctions as an “monumental enterprise.” JPMorgan and Goldman Sachs mentioned final month that they have been winding down their companies in Russia.

On power safety: “We’d like a ‘Marshall Plan’ to make sure power safety for us and our European allies,” Dimon wrote, a degree he made to President Biden immediately final month. Dimon referred to as on the U.S. to spice up investments in liquefied natural gas that may be exported to Europe to scale back the continent’s dependence on Russian power.

On the U.S. financial system: Shoppers and companies are flush with money, however inflation is mounting and protracted, Dimon mentioned. As such, Dimon wrote that JPMorgan is “ready for drastically larger charges and extra risky markets.”

On return to workplace: Dimon softened his earlier stance on wanting all JPMorgan staff again within the workplace as quickly as doable. As an alternative, he now expects that about 40 p.c of JPMorgan’s roughly 271,000 staff might transfer to a hybrid working mannequin, and an extra 10 p.c may find yourself working from residence full-time. However he additionally mentioned there have been “critical weaknesses” to distant working, which “eliminates a lot spontaneous studying and creativity.”

Starbucks introduced this morning that it’s instantly suspending stock buybacks. It’s Howard Schultz’s first act on his first day again within the high job. He returns because the chain is below strain from a rising effort to unionize its shops, which it has resisted. Halting buybacks may win Schultz some followers amongst annoyed employees, and highlights the stress between supporters and critics of the observe.

Stopping buybacks would enable Starbucks “to speculate extra revenue into our individuals and our shops,” Schultz mentioned in a letter to staff, prospects and shareholders. That is “the one approach to create long-term worth for all stakeholders,” he mentioned, echoing critics who say that buybacks divert cash from R.&D., capital expenditure, hiring and wages. Final October, Starbucks mentioned it could spend $20 billion on buybacks and dividends over the following three years. Starbucks’ inventory was down in premarket buying and selling immediately.

Firms are spending more cash than ever on buybacks, which have drawn elevated scrutiny from policymakers. Final week, the Biden administration proposed a brand new tax on buybacks and referred to as for laws that might bar executives from promoting their private shares for years after an organization repurchases its personal inventory.

Many executives have been important of guidelines that would restrict buybacks. In December, the S.E.C. proposed a variety of new guidelines that, just like the more moderen White Home proposal, are geared toward limiting the methods executives can disproportionately profit from inventory buybacks. Executives, company lobbying teams and institutional buyers submitted comment letters final week asking the S.E.C. to rewrite a number of the proposed modifications or scrap them altogether. The Nationwide Affiliation of Producers, for instance, said extra frequent and well timed disclosure of buybacks, which the S.E.C. has proposed, would result in market manipulation — benefiting merchants, not long-term shareholders.

— Tom Naratil, the president of UBS within the Americas, on how many big banks are now offering flexible working arrangements. With the competitors for expertise heating up and a few employees resisting a full-time return to the workplace, Wall Road executives are (generally grudgingly) adopting work-from-home insurance policies.

Blue Wolf Capital has closed its fifth fund, at $1.1 billion, DealBook is first to report. The non-public fairness agency, which focuses on midmarket investments that adhere to environmental, social and governance, or E.S.G., standards, was based by Adam Blumenthal, a former finance official on the New York Metropolis Comptroller’s workplace who additionally helped oversee the United Auto Staff’ medical fund.

Blumenthal spoke with DealBook about E.S.G., unions and extra. The dialog has been edited and condensed.

Do you help the S.E.C.’s recent proposal to manage E.S.G. disclosures?

Proper now, there’s sturdy investor curiosity in E.S.G., and so it’s very acceptable for the S.E.C. to create guidelines and definitions for reporting, as a way to each standardize metrics and make individuals accountable for the accuracy of what they report. That’s the type of transparency that brings self-discipline to markets.

It’s uncommon to see unions come out in favor of a personal fairness takeover, like in a few of your offers. How does that work?

It actually will depend on the scenario. At Twin Rivers Paper Company, we have been invited by the paperworkers union to guage shopping for the corporate, although they knew that it was overstaffed. For this firm to be sustainable, it wanted each new administration, new capital and a brand new labor contract that might be extra productive. So the belief that we might ship all three of these issues and create a sustainable enterprise is why we bought the decision.

How large a deal is the union win at the Amazon warehouse?

I feel it’s consultant of a really broad change within the labor market. The variety of jobs within the U.S. immediately is about 2 million lower than it was prepandemic and it’s as a result of there should not sufficient employees. And so your bargaining energy goes to alter: That may help unionization, it’s going to help different modifications in working circumstances in nonunion firms.

Because you started elevating your fund, Russia invaded Ukraine, inflation jumped and the yield curve inverted. Are you making ready for a recession?

We definitely anticipate a recession inside the funding horizon of the fund. We capitalize our firms fairly conservatively consequently, as a result of resiliency goes to turn into a important issue. If you happen to borrow as a lot cash as you’ll be able to, you’re going to remorse it.

Russia-Ukraine warfare

  • Mounting proof of Russian forces’ indiscriminate killings of Ukrainian civilians led world leaders to think about harsher sanctions, together with a ban on Russia’s fuel business. (NYT)

  • The worth firms are paying to depart Russia is excessive, however so is the price of staying. (FT)

  • Vladimir Putin has stabilized the ruble however left his nation financially remoted. (NYT)


  • Shein, the Chinese language fast-fashion firm, is contemplating a funding spherical at a heady valuation of $100 billion. (Bloomberg)

  • Quick sellers are reportedly betting aggressively towards the cryptocurrency Tether. (WSJ)

  • KKR mentioned it plans to drop its practically $12 billion takeover of Telecom Italia if it doesn’t get entry to the corporate’s books quickly. (Bloomberg)


  • A flurry of legislative motion is intensifying the divide between liberal- and conservative-led components of the nation. (NYT)

  • Jen Psaki is in superior talks to affix MSNBC after she leaves the Biden administration, which may occur as quickly as subsequent month. (NYT)

  • Britain needs to make its pandemic-era enterprise support applications everlasting. (FT)

Better of the remainder

  • Pay packets final yr for S&P 500 C.E.O.s surpassed 2020’s document, reaching a median of $14.2 million. (WSJ)

  • Sony and Netflix are reportedly placing their Will Smith initiatives on the again burner. (NBC, The Hollywood Reporter)

  • A dialog with the economist Thomas Piketty, who thinks America is primed for wealth redistribution. (NYT)

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